Van wie was Elizabeth Bishop?

Lota de Macedo Soares dateerde van Elizabeth Bishop van ? tot ?

Louise Crane dateerde van Elizabeth Bishop van ? tot ?

Elizabeth Bishop

Elizabeth Bishop

Elizabeth Bishop (Worcester, Massachusetts, 8 februari 1911 - Boston, 6 oktober 1979) was een Amerikaanse dichteres en schrijfster. In 1956 won ze de Pulitzerprijs voor poëzie.

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Lota de Macedo Soares

Lota de Macedo Soares (Parijs, 16 maart 1910 - New York, 25 september 1967) was een bekende Braziliaanse architecte met als specialiteit landschapsarchitectuur, hoewel zij geen architectuur gestudeerd had.

Ze werd gevraagd voor het ontwerp van het Flamengopark of Parque do Flamengo in Rio de Janeiro, en superviseerde de aanleg van het park. Ze had een relatie met de Amerikaanse dichteres Elizabeth Bishop van 1951 to 1967. Bishop wijdde tal van gedichten aan haar. Hun relatie wordt verteld in de film Reaching for the Moon, die gebaseerd is op het boek Flores Raras e Banalíssimas (in het Engels, Rare and Commonplace Flowers).

In 1967 kwam Soares enkele dagen bij Bishop logeren in New York, nadat ze opgenomen was voor een zenuwinzinking. De dag van haar aankomst nam ze een overdosis kalmeringsmiddelen. Ze stierf enkele dagen later. Vermoedelijk lagen de problemen met haar werk en haar mislukte relatie met Elizabeth Bishop aan de basis van de overdosis. Haar relatie met Elizabeth Bishop en met de politicus Carlos Lacerda is dan ook het onderwerp van de film Reaching for the moon.

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Elizabeth Bishop

Elizabeth Bishop
 

Louise Crane

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Louise Crane (November 11, 1913 – October 20, 1997), a prominent American philanthropist. Crane was a friend to some of New York City’s leading literary figures, including Tennessee Williams and Marianne Moore.

Crane's father was Winthrop Murray Crane, an American millionaire and former governor of Massachusetts. Her mother was Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) co-founder Josephine Porter Boardman. Louise smoothly moved into the role of patron of the arts. She was a prominent supporter of jazz and orchestral music, initiating a series of "coffee concerts" at MoMA and commissioning a vocal and orchestral work by Lukas Foss. She represented musicians, including Mary Lou Williams. Crane collaborated also with her mother in sponsoring musical works.

Crane met Elizabeth Bishop while classmates together at Vassar in 1930. The pair traveled extensively in Europe and bought a house together in 1937 in Key West, Florida. While Bishop lived in Key West, Crane occasionally returned to New York. Crane developed a passionate interest in Billie Holiday in 1941.

Crane published Ibérica, a Spanish-language review, with her partner, Victoria Kent, from 1954 to 1974. Ibérica featured news for the expatriate Spanish community in the United States. Kent was a prominent member of the Spanish Republican party, opposed to Franco. Many prominent writers, including Salvador Madariaga, contributed to Ibérica.

Following her mother's death in 1972, Crane and Kent lived together in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, and Redding, Connecticut. Crane was the executor of Marianne Moore's estate after her death in 1972.

Crane lived for years in an 18-room apartment on the fourth floor of the 820 Fifth Avenue building, a luxury cooperative in Manhattan, New York City. Located at the northeast corner of East 63rd Street on the Upper East Side, the 12 story limestone-clad was designed in the neo-Italian Renaissance palazzo style by Starrett & van Vleck, and was built by Fred T. Ley in 1916. The fourth floor is one of only a few units in the building which have changed hands multiple times in the last 10 or 20 years. After Crane’s death in 1997, the apartment was sold to Tommy Hilfiger for around $10,000,000.

Crane and Kent are buried alongside each other at Umpawaug Cemetery, Redding, Connecticut.